The national flag of Pakistan was designed
by Syed Amir uddin Hawaii and was
based on the original flag of the Muslim League.
It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly
on August 11, 1947,
just days before independence.
The flag is referred to in the national anthem
as Parcham-e-Sitāra-o-Hilāl in Urdu
(lit. Flag of the Crescent and Star).
The flag comprises a dark green field,
representing the Muslim majority of Pakistan,
with a vertical white stripe in the hoist,
representing religious minorities.
In the centre is a white crescent moon,
and a white five-pointed star,
representing light and knowledge.
The flag symbolizes Pakistan's
commitment to Islam, the Islamic world,
and the rights of religious minorities.
The flag is flown on several important
days of the year including Republic Day
and Independence Day.
The flag was designed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah,
founder of the nation.
It is associated with the flag used by the
All-India Muslim League as an
emblem of its aim of achieving
an independent Muslim state.
Their flag was green,
with a central white star and crescent.
At independence in 1947,
a white stripe was added at the hoist
to represent the state's minorities.
The green and white together stand for
peace and prosperity.
The crescent symbolizes progress,
and the star represents light and knowledge.