I waz going through the newspaper and got my eye on this news which says "
Dates could hold future of creating local biofuel
so thought of sharing it here..
Dates could hold the answer to creating a cheap and readily accessible biofuel in the UAE thanks to their high sugar levels which can be turned into ethanol fuel. The technology exists, however the concept lacks investors despite the enormous amount of dates which go to waste every year in the Arab world.
In the UAE alone, from 50,000 to 80,000 metric tonnes of dates are grown in excess, which could fuel the production of 17,000 to 26,000 tonnes of bio-ethanol - enough to meet the needs of UAE taxis, trucks or buses, or corporate fleets, according to Dr Abdul Ouahhab Zaid, professor and chief technical adviser and director of the Date Palm Research and Development Programme from the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) based at the UAE University (UAEU) in Al Ain.
Biofuels can be used as alternatives to petrol to power cars and trucks and are easy to manufacture from common crops such as sugar cane, potato, corn or sugar beet. Dates however, have not been exploited in this field until now despite the fact they can produce more biofuel per hectare than sugar cane or sugar beet.
"The use of five per cent of bio-ethanol into fossil fuels will reduce the emission of carbon monoxide into the atmosphere by 25 to 30 per cent. But, more importantly, creating such an industry will call for more palm tree plantations that will act as a true carbon sync to offset carbon dioxide that is released in the atmosphere," Zaid said.
Covering desert areas with palm trees would diminish the reflection of the solar rays from the soil to the higher layers of the atmosphere which would reduce heat and combat the greenhouse effect currently heating up the planet, he said.
Planting more date palms would serve to combat desertification, offset carbon emissions from the hydrocarbon industries, and create jobs. However the transformation of date to fuel has to be profitable to date growers.
"Palm growers will see their whole production sold, not only the [dates] fit for human consumption - but farmers must have added benefits and be associated to the benefits of the decrease of carbon dioxide they are contributing to by expanding palm trees plantation. The stream of their revenue must be constituted not only by the sale of the dates but also by the part they are taking in combating pollution," said Professor Zaid.
The feasibility of creating Nakhoil - from the Arabic word Nakheel meaning palm, and oil - has been studied by Brahim Zitouni, President of Oasis Ltd.
Zitouni's company, headquartered in Algeria, has a developmental approach to creating clean fuel, byproducts such as flour or coffee from the date stone and - more importantly - create jobs with added value for date palm farmers.
"We are trying to promote this business in the region not by asking governments if they want to turn dates into biofuel, but by asking them if they want to make $200 [Dh735] per tonne of dates," said Zitouni.
Extending palm gardens also provide more agricultural land in the shade of trees by incorporating best practices for farming and irrigation. The byproducts are also widespread. The stone and fibres of the date can be made into breakfast cereals as well as coffee or integrated into plastics.
One tonne of dates contains 160 kilogrammes of stones, 135 kilogrammes of fibre, 100 kilogrammes of protein and 180 kilogrammes of carbon dioxide absorbed from the atmosphere, which can be used to carbonate drinks. It can yield 280 litres of ethanol, compared to 75 litres from one tonne of sugar cane and 116 litres from a tonne of sugar beet.
Date palms are the fastest growing herb [the date palm is not classed as a tree] sprouting one metre every year.
"It is the fastest growing in the world and most underused in the Arab world because we have too much reliance on fossil fuels and biomass from date palms can help food security and will be renewed every year," said Zitouni.
On average, a date palm produces 50 kilogrammes of dates, but with adequate care can actually yield up to 200 kilogrammes of dates annually. However, despite the numerous varieties of dates grown, only a few are actually sold.
the Question is
What do you think of this report? Do you think such a process would be feasible? How do you see this impact date palm growers?
I think this report is true, there are high chances that we can produce the bio-fuel from dates.
But the question to be asked is "whether its feasible to do so?", the reason I wont appreciate the use of dates or any kind of food products for bio-fuel is very simple the people in Africa and many other countries are dying due to hunger, and its very very serious situation, it is from the world unreported or under - reported. Media is not giving proper attention to the dire humanitarian concerns, even BBC acknowledge's that they are unreported countries. The situation is much more worse than we can imagine, Zimbabwe has produced 100 billion dollar note as it cannot cope up with the inflation and all this is due to the imperialistic policies of few developed nations.
If we don't realize our duty as a human being, then it's not far that we shall be in there place soon.
Below are few facts which will Inshallah justify my stand.
Because of USA started producing the bio-fuel using its crops of corn the corn's prices shot up in two years from 15$(2002) to 47$ (2007) a three fold increase, the majority of crop or corn which USA was producing was going as aid to the poor countries, but when they decided to go for bio-fuel this aid was stopped as they needed much more than there production level's and as a result corn's prices rose from $ 15 to 47.
Although bio fuel is not the alone the culprit nor its the main, its some thing which is preplanned, and brought on them after much thinking and evil thoughts. But still bio fuel does affect them may be its role is very less but its there.
Alarming rise in world hunger
UN agencies estimate that 1.02 billion people are undernourished in 2009 [EPA]
The food crisis in poor nations coupled with the global economic downturn have led to a spike in world hunger, with more than one billion people going undernourished this year, UN agencies have said.
The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) said the figure of 1.02 billion, which is around 100 million people more than last year, is the highest rate in four decades.
"The rising number of hungry people is intolerable," Jacques Diouf, FAO director general, said on Wednesday, as an annual report on food security was released.
"We have the economic and technical means to make hunger disappear, what is missing is a stronger political will to eradicate hunger forever," he said.
The report, compiled by the FAO and WFP, said the increase was a result of high food prices, and lower incomes and lost jobs, as well as a decline in foreign aid and investment in poor countries.
"This loss of income is compounded by food prices that are still relatively high in the local markets of many poor countries," the FAO said.
High food price
The report found the Asia-Pacific region to have the largest undernourished population, followed by Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, the Middle East
and North Africa.
Around 15 million people suffer from hunger in the developed world.
Diouf said that agriculture had not been given priority in the fight against hunger, with only 3.8 per cent of aid from donor countries contributing to food production in 2006, compared to 17 per cent in 1980.
He told Associated Press that inflated food prices in developing nations, which sparked riots in more than 60 countries, have now stabilised, but still remain comparatively high.
But he added world leaders were beginning to understand how crucial investment in agriculture is, pointing to the $20bn pledged by Group of Eight nations to help farmers produce more food.
The report comes two days ahead of World Food Day, which begins a week of talks among some 300 experts focusing on feeding the world in 2050, when the UN forecasts a global population of 9.1 billion.
I agree with RAHEN, by using biofule we can reduce the pollution in envelopment. Petrol and Diesel is continuously decreasing and coming couple of decades it will be finished, so we should think about biofule. Thanks for sharing such a information RAHEN.